Your spondylolisthesis treatment will depend on the severity of your case. Some patients may begin with rest, physical therapy, chiropractic treatment, anti-inflammatory medications and use of a back brace.
If your condition does not improve, you and your doctor may consider a surgical treatment.
An anterior lumbar fusion surgical procedure fuses vertebrae to help ease your lower back and leg pain. It is generally done through an abdominal incision. Depending on how many vertebrae are fused, your spinal fusion surgery may take from three to eight hours. You will spend two to five days in the hospital after this surgery.
During a laminectomy procedure, a portion of your vertebral bone, called the lamina, is surgically removed. There are several types of laminectomy surgery, ranging from microlaminectomy to traditional laminectomy. In a microlaminectomy, very tiny incisions are made and the back muscles are moved aside so the neurosurgeon or orthopedic surgeon can remove the lamina. Recovery is a few days. During a traditional laminectomy, the incision is large and the overlying ligaments and muscles must be cut. You can expect to spend one to three days in the hospital. Your recovery will depend largely upon the type of laminectomy performed. Your neurosurgeon or orthopedic surgeon will develop a postoperative recovery and exercise program that’s right for you.
This surgery fuses vertebrae to help ease your lower back and leg pain. Spinal fusion is performed through an incision in your back, and depending on how many vertebrae are fused, the surgery may take from three to eight hours. You will likely be in the hospital for two to three days.