Accepting New Patients
This randomized phase III trial compares immunotherapy drugs (nivolumab or brentuximab vedotin) when given with combination chemotherapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage III or IV classic Hodgkin lymphoma. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Brentuximab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, brentuximab, linked to a toxic agent called vedotin. Brentuximab attaches to cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. The addition of nivolumab or brentuximab vedotin to combination chemotherapy may shrink the cancer or extend the time without disease symptoms coming back.
- All patients must have histologically confirmed newly diagnosed, previously untreated stage III or IV classical Hodgkin lymphoma (nodular sclerosing, mixed cellularity, lymphocyte-rich, or lymphocyte-depleted, or not otherwise specified [NOS]). Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma is not eligible.
- Patients must have bidimensionally measurable disease (at least one lesion with longest diameter >= 1.5 cm) documented on the Lymphoma Baseline Tumor Assessment Form in Rave.
- Patients must have a whole body or limited whole body PET-CT scan performed within 42 days prior to registration. (A contrast-enhanced [diagnostic] CT, magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or MRI-PET is acceptable in event that PET-CT is contraindicated, however the same modality must be utilized through the trial.)
- NOTE: All images from PET-CT, CT, MRI or MR-PET scans performed as standard of care to assess disease (within 42 days prior to registration) must be submitted and associated radiology reports must be submitted.
- Patients must not have received any prior chemotherapy, radiation, or antibody-based treatment for classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Steroid pre-treatment is permitted.
- Patients must not have had prior solid organ transplant.
- Patients must not have had prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
- Patients must not have received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to planned day 1 of protocol therapy (e.g. measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin [BCG], oral polio vaccine, and oral typhoid).
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable or unquantifiable viral load within 6 months prior to registration are eligible for this trial.
- Patients must not have known active hepatitis B (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) at date of registration. Patients with previously treated HBV or HCV that have an undetectable viral load and no residual hepatic impairment are eligible.
- Patients must not have any known central nervous system lymphoma.
- Patients must not have a history of or active interstitial pneumonitis or interstitial lung disease.
- Patients must not have had a diagnosis of inherited or acquired immunodeficiency.
- Patients must not have any known uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, hemodynamically unstable cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
- Patients must not have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days prior to registration. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Steroid use for the control of Hodgkin lymphoma symptoms is allowable, but must be discontinued prior to cycle 1, day 1.