This page was last updated on: 04/06/2020 at 10:37 AM.

 

COVID-19 FAQs: Information about coronavirus/COVID-19

Q: What is coronavirus?

A: There are seven strains of human coronavirus. Four cause common cold-like symptoms, and the other three can cause much more severe lung infections, such as pneumonia. The three more serious types are SARS-CoV-1 virus, MERS virus and the latest one named SARS-CoV-2, which is currently causing a worldwide outbreak of infections and is referred to as COVID-19. The newest strain arose in China in December 2019 and is a bat strain of coronavirus that mutated so it can now infect humans. Because the world’s population lacks immunity to the virus, and there is no current vaccine against it, COVID-19 infection has spread wildly worldwide.

Q: How is COVID-19 transmitted?

A: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this new form of coronavirus is spread mostly by person-to-person contact but it can also be spread by auto-infection, which means a virus is picked up from a contaminated surface onto a hand then rubbed into an eye or mouth by accident. There is no evidence that the virus is transmitted in the mail or in packages.

Social distancing, frequent hand washing and covering a cough are key measures to lessen the chance of becoming infected with the COVID-19 virus.

Q: Should I wear a face mask to protect myself from COVID-19?

A: Despite being a common practice now, wearing a regular (medical style) face mask to prevent infection with COVID-19 is not very effective to protect you from acquiring an infection. However, if you are sick with COVID-19, wearing a face mask may help reduce spread of virus to others, especially if you are coughing.

If you are sick with COVID-19 and cannot wear a mask, a person caring for you could benefit by wearing one, provided they are careful when removing their face mask to avoid cross-contaminating themselves with virus that is on the outside surface of the mask.

Q: How can I protect myself from coronavirus, or other viruses?

A: Stay at home. Do not leave the house unless absolutely necessary. Utilize home delivery/online ordering whenever possible and keep 6 feet of physical distance between you and from others.

In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) reminds all people to follow “respiratory hygiene,” meaning if you sneeze or cough, do so into the crook of your elbow to stop expelled droplets from traveling into the air. All people should be mindful of hand washing or using alcohol-based hand sanitizer regularly as proven ways to reduce chances of becoming infected

Q: Why is COVID-19 a concern?

A: COVID-19 has caused illness ranging from mild upper respiratory symptoms (like a cold) to causing death. COVID-19 is considered a widespread outbreak and has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). While many people with  virus will cause cold-like symptoms, others (with or without pre-existing conditions) will have severe respiratory failure or death. COVID-19 is a risk to everyone.

Q: Is there medicine to treat COVID-19?

A: Although investigational drug studies are currently underway worldwide, at present there are no antiviral medications to treat or prevent COVID-19. Treatments that are currently used for patients who are diagnosed with COVID-19 are to help address symptoms such as fever or secondary bacterial pneumonia.

The best way to stay healthy is to prevent exposure to the virus by staying home.

If you have other questions concerning COVID-19 or about LVHN services, please call 1-888-402-LVHN (5846).

LVHN.org/COVID19

 

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